Teachers are always looking for new innovative ways as K-12 education transitions into a new age of technology & personalized education. New teaching methods such as flipped learning and flipped classrooms are gaining traction in the past six months to promote effective learning and student engagement. These two teaching styles are similar but not exactly the same. Here is how they vary from each other. ERP solutions can be incorporated to adopt both flipped classroom and flipped learning and further help in improving the learning outcome.
A Flipped Classroom is referred to as a form of blended learning in which the learners learn the content online by watching video courses, generally at their homes, and homework is done in the classroom with teachers and peer classmates discussing and solving problems. Instead of adopting a conventional approach of learning from a textbook and lecture; a flipped classroom considers learning from an application perspective.
Here, the teacher interaction is more personalized with more focus on proper guidance instead of lecturing. Learners can make their own decisions on how to learn the course topic while giving the topic purpose and understanding its significance in the real world. At the start of the school day, students are given the objectives & topics and then given their own time to learn and go through the topic through instructional videos provided by the instructor. Students then take their own class time to enhance their problem solving skills & critical thinking by having the freedom to learn by themselves.
In a flipped classroom, the most key role to play for teachers is to offer support to students wherever required as they complete the course on their own. In real-time, teachers can also provide direct support to students while they work on course material conventionally done at home. Instructors can spend more time focusing on improving the understanding of students and spend more time with individual students during class time.
Flipped learning model, similar to the flipped classroom, takes a conventional approach and flips it upside down. It is a pedagogical approach in which direct teaching instruction moves from the group learning space to the individual learning space, and the resulting group is changed into an interactive and dynamic learning environment where the teacher guides students as they apply concepts and effectively engage in the subject material.
The flipped learning model transitions educators from a provider of information to more of a coach alongside learners. Teachers send the students home with the topics which need to be studied, so when they come to class, they can spend more time working out the problems together and thus save time. Students study the content from home on their own time then come to class to work either individually, in groups, or with the instructor to participate in application learning through games, problems, and discussions. In order to implement flipped learning, teachers need to incorporate the following four pillars (F-L-I-P) into the classroom.
1. Flexible Environment
- Create spaces and time frames which permit students to interact and reflect on their learning as required.
- Continually monitor and observe students to make adjustments as needed.
- Offer students with varied ways to learn subject matter and demonstrate mastery.
2. Learning Culture:
- Provide students opportunities to engage in group meaningful educational activities without teaching being of importance.
- Scaffold these activities and make them accessible to all learners through feedback and differentiation.
3. Intentional Content:
- Prioritize topics used in direct instruction for students to access on their own.
- Create and curate relevant concepts, by making videos for students.
- Differentiate to make content accessible and relevant to all students.
4. Professional Educator:
- Make teachers available to all students for individuals and group feedback, in real-time, as required.
- Conduct ongoing formative assessments during class time through observation and by recording data to inform future directions to students.
- Teachers should partner and reflect with other teachers and take responsibility for transforming the practice.
Learning management system is personalized for learners, enabling higher efficiency at learning the concepts. Flipped learning offers meaningful learning experiences by using learning management systems and encourages learners to develop critical thinking skills. Also, ERP solutions can be incorporated to adopt both flipped classroom and flipped learning and further help in improving the learning outcome.